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OR in the News

OR in the News (selected articles)

Moro, E. T., Pinto, P. C. C., Neto, Ajmm, Hilkner, A. L., Salvador, L. F. P., da Silva, B. R. D., Souto, I. G., Boralli, R., Bloomstone, J. Quality of recovery in patients under low or standard pressure pneumoperitoneum. a randomised controlled trial. Acta Anaesthesiol Scand 2021:

October 16, 2021

Background: The use of low-pressure pneumoperitoneum seems to be capable of reducing complications such as post-operative pain. However, the quality of evidence supporting this conclusion is low. Both the lack of investigator blinding to both intra-abdominal pressure and to method of neuromuscular blockade represent key sources of bias. Hence, this prospective, randomised, and double-blind study aimed to compare the quality of recovery (Questionnaire QoR-40) of patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy under low-pressure and standard-pressure pneumoperitoneum. We tested the hypothesis that low pneumoperitoneum pressure enhances the quality of recovery following LC.
Methods: Eighty patients who underwent elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy were randomly divided into two groups, a low-pressure (10 mm Hg) pneumoperitoneum group and a standard-pressure (14 mm Hg) pneumoperitoneum group. For all participants, the value of the insufflation pressure was kept hidden and only the nurse responsible for the operating room was aware of it. Deep neuromuscular blockade was induced for all cases [train-of-four (TOF) = 0; post-tetanic count (PTC) > 0]. The quality of recovery was assessed on the morning of first post-operative day.
Results: No difference was found in either total score or in its different dimensions according to the QoR-40 questionnaire. The patients in the low-pressure pneumoperitoneum group experienced more pain during forced coughing measured at 4 hours (median difference [95% CI], 1 [0-2]; P = .030), 8 hours (1 [0-2]; P = .030) and 12 hours (0 [0-1] P = .025) after discharge from the post-anaesthesia care unit, when compared with those in the standard-pressure pneumoperitoneum group.
Conclusion: We thus conclude that the use of low-pressure pneumoperitoneum during elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy does not improve the quality of recovery