October 16, 2021
A 4-day-old, 3.3 kg infant presented with suspected intestinal malrotation, necessitating emergent diagnostic laparoscopy. Intra-operatively, the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) came back positive. This is the first case report of emergency surgery and anesthesia in a positive SARS-CoV-2 newborn. This report highlights a neonate with an incidental positive SARS-CoV-2 test, no known exposure history, negative polymerase chain reaction maternal testing, and absence of respiratory symptoms who required modified pressure control ventilation settings to adequately ventilate with the high-efficiency particulate air filter in situ.
COVID-19, SARS-CoV-2, neonate, surgery, personal protective equipment (PPE), HEPA filter