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OR in the News (selected articles)

Shimada T, Mascha EJ, Yang D, Bravo M, Rivas E, Ince I, Turan A, Sessler DI: Intra-operative hypertension and myocardial injury and/or mortality and acute kidney injury after noncardiac surgery: A retrospective cohort analysis. Eur J Anaesthesiol 2022; 39: 315-323

August 21, 2023

Whether intra-operative hypertension causes postoperative complications remains unclear.
We sought to assess whether there is an absolute systolic hypertensive threshold associated with increased odds of a composite of postoperative myocardial injury and mortality, and acute kidney injury.
A retrospective cohort analysis using an electronic medical record registry.
The Cleveland Clinic Main Campus, Cleveland, Ohio, USA, between January 2005 and December 2018
A total of 76 042 adults who had inpatient noncardiac surgery lasting at least an hour, creatinine recorded preoperatively and postoperatively, and had an available clinic blood pressure within 6 months before surgery.
Univariable smoothing and multivariable logistic regression were used to estimate the probability of each outcome as a function of the highest intra- operative pressure for a cumulative 5, 10, or 30 min. We further assessed whether the relationships between intra- operative hypertension and each outcome depended on baseline systolic blood pressure.
The composite of myocardial injury and mortality was observed in 1.9%, and acute kidney injury in 4.5% of patients. After adjustment for confounders, there was little or no relationship between systolic pressure and either outcome over the range from 120 to 200 mmHg. There were also no obvious change points or thresholds above which odds of each outcome increased. And finally, there was no interaction with preoperative clinic blood pressure.
There was no clinically meaningful relation- ship between intra-operative systolic pressure and the com- posite of myocardial injury and mortality, or acute kidney injury, over the range from 120 and 200 mmHg.