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Intra-operative hypertension and myocardial injury and/or mortality and acute kidney injury after noncardiac surgery

August 28, 2022

BACKGROUND Whether intra-operative hypertension causes postoperative complications remains unclear.
OBJECTIVE We sought to assess whether there is an absolute systolic hypertensive threshold associated with increased odds of a composite of postoperative myocardial injury and mortality, and acute kidney injury.
DESIGN A retrospective cohort analysis using an electronic medical record registry.
SETTING The Cleveland Clinic Main Campus, Cleveland, Ohio, USA, between January 2005 and December 2018.
PATIENTS A total of 76 042 adults who had inpatient noncardiac surgery lasting at least an hour, creatinine recorded preoperatively and postoperatively, and had an available clinic blood pressure within 6 months before surgery.
MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES Univariable smoothing and multivariable logistic regression were used to estimate the probability of each outcome as a function of the highest intra- operative pressure for a cumulative 5, 10, or 30 min. We further assessed whether the relationships between intra- operative hypertension and each outcome depended on baseline systolic blood pressure.
RESULTS The composite of myocardial injury and mortality was observed in 1.9%, and acute kidney injury in 4.5% of patients. After adjustment for confounders, there was little or no relationship between systolic pressure and either outcome over the range from 120 to 200 mmHg. There were also no obvious change points or thresholds above which odds of each outcome increased. And finally, there was no interaction with preoperative clinic blood pressure.
CONCLUSIONS There was no clinically meaningful relation- ship between intra-operative systolic pressure and the com- posite of myocardial injury and mortality, or acute kidney injury, over the range from 120 and 200 mmHg.