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Intra‑abdominal hypertension in cardiac surgery patients: a multicenter observational sub‑study of the Accuryn registry

June 27, 2022

Abstract
Intra-abdominal hypertension (IAH) is frequently present in the critically ill and is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Conventionally, intermittent ‘spot-check’ manual measurements of bladder pressure in those perceived as high risk are used as surrogates for intra-abdominal pressure (IAP). True patterns of IAH remain unknown. We explored the incidence of IAH in cardiac surgery patients and describe the intra-and postoperative course of IAP using a novel, high frequency, automated bladder pressure measurement system. Sub-analysis of a prospective, multicenter, observational study (NCT04669548) conducted in three large academic medical centers. Continuous urinary output (CUO) and IAP measure- ments were observed using the Accuryn Monitoring System (Potrero Medical, Hayward, CA). Data collected included demographics, hemodynamic support, and high-frequency IAP and CUO. One Hundred Thirty-Seven cardiac surgery patients were analyzed intraoperatively and followed 48 h postoperatively in the intensive care unit. Median age was 66.4 [58.3, 72.0] years, and 61% were men. Median Foley catheter dwell time was 56.0 [46.8, 77.5] hours, and median baseline IAP was 6.3 [4.0, 8.1] mmHg. 93% (128/137) of patients were in IAH grade I, 82% (113/137) in grade II, 39% (53/137) in grade III, and 5% (7/137) in grade IV for at least 12 cumulative hours. For maximum consecutive duration of IAH, 84% (115/137) of patients spent at least 12 h in grade I, 62% (85/137) in grade II, 18% (25/137) in grade III, and 2% (3/137) in grade IV IAH. During the first 48 h after cardiac surgery, IAH is common and persistent. Improved and automated monitoring of IAP will increase the detection of IAH—which normally would remain undetected using traditional intermittent monitoring methods.