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Effect of liver resection-induced increases in hepatic venous pressure gradient on development of postoperative acute kidney injury

December 26, 2022

Background: The impact of changes in portal pressure before and after liver resection (defined as ΔHVPG) on post- operative kidney function remains unknown. Therefore, we investigated the effect of ΔHVPG on (i) the incidence of postoperative AKI and (ii) the renin-angiotensin system (RAAS) and sympathetic nervous system (SNS) activity.
Methods:
We included 30 patients undergoing partial liver resection. Our primary outcome was postoperative AKI according to KDIGO criteria. For our secondary outcome we assessed the plasma renin, aldosterone, noradrenaline, adrenaline, dopamine and vasopressin concentrations prior and 2 h after induction of anaesthesia, on the first and fifth postoperative day. HVPG was measured prior and immediately after liver resection.
Results: ΔHVPG could be measured in 21 patients with 12 patients HVPG showing increases in HVPG (∆HVPG≥1 mmHg) while 9 patients remained stable. AKI developed in 7/12 of patients with increasing HVPG, but only in 2/9 of patients with stable ΔHVPG (p = 0.302). Noradrenalin levels were significantly higher in patients with increas- ing ΔHVPG than in patients with stable ΔHVPG. (p = 0.009). Biomarkers reflecting RAAS and SNS activity remained similar in patients with increasing vs. stable ΔHVPG.
Conclusions: Patients with increased HVPG had higher postoperative creatinine concentrations, however, the incidence of AKI was similar between patients with increased versus stable HVPG.
Keywords:
Acute kidney injury, Liver resection, Hepatic venous pressure gradient, Renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system