Providing the evidence for evidence-based medicine©

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2020 Annual Report - 30th Anniversary

The OUTCOMES RESEARCH Group was formed in 1990 at the University of California in San Francisco and subsequently became an institute when the group's administrative center moved to the University of Louisville in March of 2000. In 2005, OUTCOMES RESEARCH became a department at the Cleveland Clinic. After 15 years, the Department of OUTCOMES RESEARCH now includes 65 members at the Clinic, among more than 190 academic investigators in twenty countries including the Austria, Canada, China, Ireland, Israel, Japan, China, and the United States. The Consortium is non-profit; its only goal is thus participation in high-quality research.

2015 year was the Consortium’s 25th Anniversary. This milestone was celebrated by an editorial in Anesthesiology by Henry Rosenberg (2015; 123:1233-4). It starts: “IMAGINE a research group made up of more than 100 members working both independently and collaboratively across many countries having no legal standing, no bank account, and loosely organized, but devoted to the goal of improving health care through the understanding of the results of health care practices. Furthermore, imagine that members of this organization have published more than 900 full journal articles since its inception and publish a new full paper every 5 days. It may be hard to believe that such a unique organization exists, but it does. It is known as the OUTCOMES RESEARCH Consortium.”

In fact, the Consortium now has nearly 200 members, has published more than 1,550 full papers, and publishes a full paper every three days.

The Consortium is currently involved in about 200 clinical studies, including many large multi-center outcome trials. Much of the Consortium’s funding is from the National Institutes of Health, the Canadian Institutes of Health Research, and other peer-reviewed granting agencies. We also collaborate with companies that make innovative devices and drugs, often conducting major trials that lead to regulatory certification. The Consortium facilitates scientific exchange and collaboration necessary for technically complex outcomes studies involving hundreds or thousands of patients. Additional information is available at


Outcomes research seeks to understand the end results of particular health care practices and interventions. End results include effects that people experience and care about, such as change in the ability to function. In particular, for individuals with chronic conditions—where cure is not always possible—end results include quality of life as well as mortality. By linking the care people get to the outcomes they experience, outcomes research has become the key to developing better ways to monitor and improve the quality of care.

The general goal of the OUTCOMES RESEARCH Consortium is to evaluate inexpensive, low-risk interventions that are easy to implement yet likely to markedly improve outcome. For example, we have shown that simply maintaining intraoperative normothermia markedly reduces the risk of complications — and does so at trivial cost. A consequence of our work is that active intraoperative warming has become routine, whereas it was previously rare. Current focus areas include cardiovascular complications, postoperative delirium, and management of acute surgical pain.


Be the world’s leading anesthesia-related clinical research organization.


1. Publish more high-impact, peer-reviewed clinical research papers (quantified as number times impact) than any other anesthesia organization.

2. Recruit more extra-mural clinical research funding than any other anesthesia organization, with “clinical research” being defined as research conducted with human subjects.

3. Train clinical investigators at all levels.


Administrative Structure

Director:Daniel I. Sessler Cleveland USA
Associate Director: Alparslan Turan Cleveland USA

2020 Site Directors

Donal Buggy Dublin Ireland
Peter Szmuk Dallas USA
Yuguang Huang Beijing China
Thomas Volk Homburg Germany
Colin Royse Melbourne Australia
Brian Ilfeld San Diego USA
PJ Devereaux Hamilton Canada
Barak Cohen Tel Aviv Israel
Ngai Liu Paris France
Colin Royse Melbourne Australia
Bernd Saugel Hamburg Germany

General Members

Member City Country
Alaa A. Abd-Elsayed, M.D.MadisonUSA
Basem B. Abdelmalak, M.D.ClevelandUSA
Janet Adegboye, B.S.ClevelandUSA
Ruben Agudelo-Jimenez, M.D.ClevelandUSA
Sanchit Ahuja, M.D.DetroitUSA
Wael Ali Sakr Esa, M.D.ClevelandUSA
Federico Almonacid, MDClevelandUSA
Sibs Anwar, M.D., Ph.D.LondonUnited Kingdom
Harendra Arora, M.D.Chapel HillUSA
Valentina Assenzo, M.D.Suresnes, ParisFrance
Abdulkadir Atim, M.D.AnkaraTurkey
Sabry Ayad, M.D.ClevelandUSA
Rovnat Babazade, M.D.GalvestonUSA
Gausan Bajracharya, M.D.ClevelandUSA
Omer Bakal, M.D.ClevelandUSA
Karsten Bartels, MD, PhDAuroroUSA
Allen Bashour, M.D.ClevelandUSA
Beatrice Beck-Schimmer, MDZurichSwitzerland
Sergio D. Bergese, M.D.USA
Bruce M. Biccard, M.B.Ch.B., F.C.A., M.Med.Sc, Ph.D.Cape TownSouth Africa
Peter Biro, M.D.ZurichSwitzerland
Joshua A. Bloomstone, M.D., M.ScGlendaleUSA
James M. Blum, M.D.DecaturUSA
Hagen Bomberg, M.D.Switzerland
Mauro Bravo, M.D.ClevelandUSA
Donal J. Buggy, M.D., FRCPI, FRCACSI, FRCADublinIreland
Juan Cata, M.D.HoustonUSA
Praveen Chahar, M.D., F.C.A.R.C.S.I.ClevelandUSA
David Chelnick, B.S.ClevelandUSA
Surendrasingh S. Chhabada, M.D.ClevelandUSA
Praneeta Chodavarapu, M.D.CincinnatiUSA
Barak Cohen, M.D.Tel AvivIsrael
Allen CollinsClevelandUSA
Jennifer CookClevelandUSA
Jacek B. Cywinski, M.D.ClevelandUSA
Albert Dahan, MDLeidenNetherlands
Jarrod E. Dalton, Ph.D.ClevelandUSA
Gildasio S. De Oliveira Jr., M.D., M.S.C.I.ProvidenceUSA
Jagan Devarajan, MDClevelandUSA
Philip J. Devereaux, M.D., Ph.D.HamiltonCanada
Anthony G. Doufas, M.D., Ph.D.StanfordUSA
Lei Du, M.D.ChengduChina
Emmanuelle Duceppe, MD., Ph.D.MontrealCanada
Andra E. Duncan, M.D.ClevelandUSA
Ruth Edry, M.D.HaifaIsrael
Proshad N. Efune, M.D.DallasUSA
Elyad Ekrami, MDClevelandUSA
Hesham Elsharkawy, M.D.ClevelandUSA
Okan Ermis, M.D.ClevelandUSA
Hani Essber, M.D.ClevelandUSA
Tibi Ezri, M.D.Israel
Ehab S.A. Farag, M.D., F.R.C.A.ClevelandUSA
Tobias Fink, M.D.HomburgGermany
John J. Finneran IV, M.D.San DiegoUSA
Edith Fleischmann, M.D.ViennaAustria
Béla Fülesdi, M.D., Ph.D.DebrecenHungary
Rodney A. Gabriel, M.D.La JollaUSA
Marcelo Gama de Abreu, M.D., M.Sc., Ph.D., D.E.S.ADresdenGermany
Ahmed Gharrash, M.D.ClevelandUSA
Martin V. Grady, M.D.Mayfield HeightsUSA
Sarah Guirguis, M.D.ClevelandUSA
Sven Halvorson, M.S.ClevelandUSA
Hassan Hamadnalla, M.D.ClevelandUSA
Yanyan Han, MSClevelandUSA
Manal Hassan, M.D.Mayfield HeightsUSA
Mohamed Hassan, M.D.ClevelandUSA
Steve Hata, M.D., F.C.C.P., M.S.C.ClevelandUSA
Yuguang Huang, M.D.BeijingChina
Tobias Hüppe, M.D.Homburg (Saar)Germany
Brian M. Ilfeld, M.D., M.S.San DiegoUSA
Ilker Ince, MDErzurumTurkey
Steven R. Insler, D.O.ClevelandUSA
Daniela C. Ionescu, Ph.D., D.E.A.A.Cluj-NapocaRomania
Tadahiko Ishiyama, M.D., Ph.D.ChuoJapan
Pia Jaeger, M.D., Ph.D.CopenhagenDenmark
Jens-Ulrik S. Jensen, M.D., Ph.D.CopenhagenDenmark
Qiliang Jiang, M.D., Ph.D.ClevelandUSA
Roberta JohnsonClevelandUSA
Barbara Kabon, M.D.ViennaAustria
Elliott KavitaclevelandUSA
Roop Kaw, M.D.ClevelandUSA
Ashish K. Khanna, M.D., F.C.C.P., F.C.C.M.Wake ForestUSA
Sandeep Khanna, M.D.ClevelandUSA
Daniel Kim, M.D.ClevelandUSA
Oliver Kimberger, M.D.ViennaAustria
Ryu Komatsu, M.D.BaltimoreUSA
Sascha Kreuer, M.D.HomburgGermany
Priya A. Kumar, M.D.Chapel HillUSA
Andrea M. Kurz, M.D.ClevelandUSA
Giovanni Landoni, M.D.MilanItaly
Kate Leslie, M.D., F.A.N.Z.C.A.ParkvilleAustralia
Kai Li, M.D., Ph.D.ClevelandUSA
Qian Li, M.D.ChengduChina
Chen Liang, M.S.ClevelandUSA
Jing Lin, M.D.ChangduChina
Liu Liu, M.A.ClevelandUSA
Ngai Liu, M.D., Ph.D.SuresnesFrance
Vladimir V. Lomivorotov, M.D., Ph.D.NovosibirskRussia
Dominik Lorenz, M.D.Homburg / SaarGermany
David Lynn, M.S.ClevelandUSA
Chao Ma, M.S.ClevelandUSA
Anthony T. Machi, M.D.DallasUSA
Kamal Maheshwari, M.D., M.P.H.ClevelandUSA
Natalya Makarova, M.S.ClevelandUSA
Guangmei Mao, M.S.ClevelandUSA
Edward J. Mascha, Ph.D.ClevelandUSA
Takashi Matsukawa, M.D.ChuoJapan
Felix Maurer, B.S.HomburgGermany
Mark MettlerClevelandUSA
Scott A. Miller, M.D.Winston SalemUSA
Toshiki Mizobe, M.D., Ph.D.KyotoJapan
Mateo Montalvo, M.D.ClevelandUSA
Eassen Mu, M.D.BeijingChina
Carolin Müller, M.D.HomburgGermany
Lukas M. Müller-Wirtz, M.D.HomburgGermany
Yasuko Nagasaka, M.D., Ph.D.TokyoJapan
Yasufumi Nakajima, M.D., Ph.D.HirakataJapan
Rod Nault, M.S.ClevelandUSA
Tyng Yan Ng, M.B.B.S.Kuala LumpurMalaysia
Ben O’Brien, M.D., Ph.D., M.H.B.A., F.R.C.A., F.F.I.C.M.BerlinGermany
Beth O’Brien, B.S.ClevelandUSA
Detlef E.R. Obal, M.D., Ph.D., D.E.S.A.Palo AltoUSA
Ibrahim Onal, M.D.Turkey
Makoto Ozaki, M.D., Ph.D.TokyoJapan
Sinem S. Ozturk, M.D.ClevelandUSA
Matt A. Pappas, M.D., M.P.H.ClevelandUSA
Marie-Odile Parat, Pharm.D., Ph.D.WoolloongabbaAustralia
Fabio R. Patarroyo, M.D.ClevelandUSA
Lijian Pei, M.D.BeijingChina
Silvia E. Perez-Protto, M.D., M.S.ClevelandUSA
Olga M. Plattner, M.D.ViennaAustria
Attila Podolyak, M.D.ClevelandUSA
Xuan Pu, M.S.ClevelandUSA
Yewei Qiu, M.D.ClevelandUSA
Shobana Rajan, M.D.ClevelandUSA
Eva Rivas Ferreira, M.D.ClevelandUSA
Efrain Riveros-Perez, M.D.AugustaUSA
Reitze N. Rodseth, M.B.Ch.B., F.C.A., M.Med.DurbanSouth Africa
Julian V. Rössler, M.D.ZurichSwitzerland
Colin Royse, M.D.MelbourneAustralia
Kurt Ruetzler, M.D.ClevelandUSA
Remie Saab, M.D.ClevelandUSA
Leif Saager, M.D.Germany
Wael Saasouh, M.D.DetroitUSA
Ogena SaiedClevelandUSA
Vafi Salmasi, M.D.Palo AltoUSA
Ethan L. Sanford, M.D.DallasUSA
Bernd Saugel, M.D. E.D.I.C.HamburgGermany
Rita Saynhalath, M.D.DallasUSA
Yehoshua-Nadav Schacham, M.D.Ramat-GanIsrael
Martin Schlöpfer, M.D., M.Sc.ZurichSwitzerland
Marc Schmidt, M.D.ClevelandUSA
Daniel I. Sessler, M.D.ClevelandUSA
Karan Shah, M.S.ClevelandUSA
Momina Sharif, M.D.ClevelandUSA
Karan Shaw, M.S.ClevelandUSA
Tetsuya Shimada, M.D.Japan
Jeevan Shivakumar, MDClevelandUSA
Alexis SkolarisClevelandUSA
Abraham Sonny, M.D.BostonUSA
Jeff W. Steiner, D.O.DallasUSA
Matthew W. Swisher, M.D., M.S.La JollaUSA
Wojciech Szczeklik, M.D., Ph.D.KrakowPoland
Peter Szmuk, M.D.DallasUSA
Abdullah S. Terkawi, M.D.CharlottesvilleUSA
Uchida Tokujiro, M.D., Ph.D.TokyoJapan
David Torres, M.D.SantiagoChile
Alparslan Turan, M.D.ClevelandUSA
Tamás Végh, M.D., Ph.D.DebrecenHungary
Andrew Volio, D.O.ClevelandUSA
Thomas Volk, M.D.HomburgGermany
Anupama Wadhwa, M.D.San DiegoUSA
Michael WaltersClevelandUSA
Catherine I. Wang, M.D.BeijingChina
Dong Wang, M.S.ClevelandUSA
Dong-Xin Wang, M.D., Ph.D.BeijingChina
Jiayi Wang, MDShanghaiChina
Jason Wu, M.D.ShanghaiChina
Lexie Xu, M.D.BeijingChina
Esra K. Yalcin, M.D.ClevelandUSA
Ece Yamak Altinpulluk, M.D.ClevelandUSA
Dongsheng Yang, M.S.ClevelandUSA
Jean-Pierre Yared, M.D.ClevelandUSA
Oguz Yilmaz, M.D.IzmirTurkey
Hai Yu, M.D.ChengduChina
Kan Zhang, M.D.ClevelandUSA
Xiaobao Zhang, M.D.LianyungangChina

Research Fellows

Name Origin Dates Subsequent Position
Chief: Mauro Bravo, MDVenezuela2018-
Eva Rivas, M.D.Spain2017-20Clinica Barcelona
Dilara Khoshknabi, M.D.Azerbaijan2017-20
Remie Saab, M.D.Lebanon2017-
Hani Essber, M.D.Syria2017-
Ahmed Salih, M.D.Iraq2018-20Pediatric anesthesia fellowship, Univ Buffalo
Hassan Hamadnalla, M.D.Egypt2018-20Anesthesia residency, Henry Ford
Tetsuya Shimada, M.D.Japan2018-20Faculty, National Defense Medical College
Mohamad Hassan, M.D.Egypt2018-20
Daniel Kim, M.D.USA2019-20Anesthesia Research Fellowship, MD Anderson
Qiliang Jiang, M.D.China2019Faculty, Shanghai Chest Hospital
Ibrahim Onal, M.D.Turkey2019-20Faculty, Selcuk Univ School of Medicine
Ruben Agudelo Jimenez, M.D.Colombia2019-20Anesthesia residency, Univ. of Washington
Jiayi Wang, M.D.China2019-20Faculty, Shanghi Chest Hospital
Xiaobao Zhang, M.D.China2019-20
Omar Bakal, M.D.Turkey2019-
Ece Yamak Altinpulluk, M.D.Turkey2019-
Andrew Volio, D.O.United States2019-
Ahmed Al Gharrash, M.D.Saudi Arabia2019-
Omer Bakal, M.D.Turkey2019-
Kai Li, M.D.China2019-
Esra Kutlu Yalcin, M.D.Turkey2019-
Fabio Rodriguez Patarryo, M.D.Colombia2019-
Ahmed Al Gharrash, M.D.Saudi Arabia2020-
Jorge Araujo Duran, M.D.Colombia2020-
Mateo Montalvo, M.D.Ecuador2020-
Sinem Sari Ozturk, M.D.Turkey2020-
Momina Sharif Umair, M.D.Pakistan2020-
Jeevan Shivakumar, M.D.India2020-
Marc Schmidt, M.D.Switzerland2020-

Graduate and Medical Students (full year)

Name Origin Dates Subsequent Position
David Chelnick, B.S.USA2017-20Digestive Disease, Cleveland Clinic
Lauretta Mosteller, B.A.USA2018-20George Washington Univ. Medical School
Sofiya Lozovskiy, B.S.USA2019-20Ohio Univ School of Osteopathic Medicine
Andrew Chiu, B.SUSA2019-20Drexel University Medical School
Aratara Nutcharoen, B.S.USA2019-20
Alexis Skolaris, B.S.USA2019-
David Lynn, B.S.USA2020-20Coordinator, Taussig Cancer Center
David Hoying, B.S.USA2020-
Oguzalp Turan, M.S.USA2020-
Metabel Markwei, B.S.USA2020-21Cleveland Clinic Lerner College of Medicine
Rod Nault, B.S.USA2020-21Case Western Research School of Medicine

Honors and Awards

Name Honor Organization
Kurt RuetzlerElected FellowAmerican Heart Association
Basem AbdelmalakElected FellowSociety of Ambulatory Anesthesia

Consortium Research Awards

The Gladys Sessler Prize is an endowed award that is given yearly. All research fellows and junior faculty members of the OUTCOMES RESEARCH Consortium are eligible. This year’s award was to Prof. Alparslan Turan, vice-chair of the Department of OUTCOMES RESEARCH and Consortium Associate Director.

The Best Fellow Award is given to the Department of OUTCOMES RESEARCH fellow who is voted by the faculty to have performed at the very highest level. This year’s award was given to Dr. Eva Rivas Ferreira who was Chief fellow at the Cleveland Clinic.


Contribution to the world’s literature

An article by Pagel and Hudetz (BMC Anesthesiology 12:5, 2012) evaluated anesthesia publication trends. In 2010, the last year they report, there were 665 clinical research articles published in the most influencial anesthesia journals: Anesthesiology, the British Journal of Anaesthesia, Anesthesia & Analgesia, Anaesthesia and the European Journal of Anaesthesia. Last year, the Consortium published 30 papers in the 14 journals they considered. The Outcomes Research Consortium thus publishes more than 4% of the clinical research in high-profile general anesthesia journals. Of note, the Consortium also publishes nearly as many papers in specialty journals ranging from pain to critical care to neuroscience, and in major multi-specialty journals. Overall, the Consortium publishes a full paper or editorial nearly every 3 days.

Since inception, the Consortium has published 1,550 full papers.

Featured on journal covers this year

This year’s featured papers

Turan A, Duncan A, Leung S, Karimi N, Fang J, Mao G, Hargrave J, Gillinov M, Trombetta C, Ayad S, Hassan M, Feider A, Howard-Quijano K, Ruetzler K, Sessler DI, Bergese S, De Oliveira G, Honar H, Niazi A, Elliott K, Hamadnalla H, Chodavarapu P, Bajracharya G, Fitzgerald P, Cuko E, Akhtar Z, Lokhande C, Khan MZ, Khoshknabi D, Riter Q, Hutcherson M, Yagar S, Glosse L, Saha P, Raza S: Dexmedetomidine for reduction of atrial fibrillation and delirium after cardiac surgery (DECADE): a randomised placebo-controlled trial. Lancet 2020; 396: 177-85.

Background: Atrial fibrillation and delirium are common consequences of cardiac surgery. Dexmedetomidine has unique properties as sedative agent and may reduce the risk of each complication. This study co-primarily aimed to determine whether dexmedetomidine reduces the incidence of new-onset atrial fibrillation and the incidence of delirium.

Methods: : A randomized, placebo-controlled, trial was conducted at six academic hospitals in United States. Patients, care-givers, and evaluators were all blinded to treatment. 798 patients who had cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass were enrolled from April 17, 2013 to December 6, 2018. Patients were randomly assigned 1:1, stratified by site, to dexmedetomidine or normal saline placebo. Randomization was computer generated with random permuted block size 2 and 4, and allocation was concealed by a web-based system. The study drug was prepared by the pharmacy or an otherwise uninvolved research associate so investigators and clinicians were fully blinded to allocation. Participants were given either dexmedetomidine infusion or saline placebo started before the surgical incision at a rate of 0.1 µg/kg/hr then increased to 0.2 µg/kg/hr at the end of bypass, and postoperatively increased to 0.4 µg/kg/h which was maintained until 24 hours.

Findings: The trial was stopped early after the last designated interim analysis. Among 798 patients randomized, 794 were analysed, with 400 assigned to dexmedetomidine and 398 assigned to placebo. The incidence of atrial fibrillation was 121 (30%) in 397 dexmedetomidine patients and 134 (34%) in 395 placebo patients, a difference that was not statistically significant: relative risk 0.90 (97.8% CI: 0.72, 1.15; P=0.34). The incidence of delirium was statistically non-significantly increased from 12% in placebo patients to 17% in those given dexmedetomidine: 1.48 (97.8% CI: 0.99, 2.23).

Interpretation: Dexmedetomidine infusion, initiated at anaesthetic induction and continued for 24 hours, did not decrease postoperative atrial arrhythmias or delirium in patients recovering from cardiac surgery. Dexmedetomidine should not be infused in an effort to reduce atrial fibrillation or delirium in patients having cardiac surgery.

Links to PDF versions of most full papers.

Published Full Papers and editorials

1. Zhang R, Wang G, Lin Y, Wen Y, Huang Z, Zhang X, Yu X, Wang W, Xi K, Cerfolio RJ, D'Journo XB, Ruetzler K, Depypere L, Filosso PL, Zhang L, written on behalf of AMETSCG: Extent of resection and lymph node evaluation in early stage metachronous second primary lung cancer: a population-based study. Transl Lung Cancer Res 2020; 9: 33-44

2. Zhang K, Alfirevic A, Ramos D, Liang C, Soltesz EG, Duncan AE: Neither preoperative pulse pressure nor systolic blood pressure is associated with cardiac complications after coronary artery bypass grafting. Anesth Analg 2020; 131: 1491–9

3. Wieruszewski PM, Khanna AK: Challenges and importance of formulae equating catecholamine and non-catecholamine vasoconstrictor dosages (editorial). J Crit Care 2020; 62: 243-5

4. Wan YI, Patel A, Abbott TEF, Achary C, MacDonald N, Duceppe E, Sessler DI, Szczeklik W, Ackland GL, Devereaux PJ, Pearse RM: Prospective observational study of postoperative infection and outcomes after noncardiac surgery: analysis of prospective data from the VISION cohort. Br J Anaesth 2020; 125: 87-97

5. Walters MJ, Tanios M, Koyuncu O, Mao G, Valente MA, Sessler DI: Intraoperative core temperature and infectious complications after colorectal surgery: A registry analysis. J Clin Anesth 2020; 63: 109758

6. Verdiner RE, Choukalas CG, Siddiqui S, Stahl DL, Galvagno SM, Jr., Jabaley CS, Bartz RR, Lane-Fall M, Goff KL, Sreedharan R, Bennett S, Williams GW, Khanna AK: COVID-activated emergency scaling of anesthesiology responsibilities intensive care unit. Anesth Analg 2020; 131: 365-77

7. Turan A, Sessler DI: Opioid cessation: another teachable moment (editorial). Br J Anaesth 2020; 125: 219-21

8. Turan A, Leung S, Bajracharya GR, Babazade R, Barnes T, Schacham YN, Mao G, Zimmerman N, Ruetzler K, Maheshwari K, Esa WAS, Sessler DI: Acute postoperative pain is associated with myocardial injury after noncardiac surgery. Anesth Analg 2020; 131: 822-9

9. Turan A, Essber H, Saasouh W, Hovsepyan K, Makarova N, Ayad S, Cohen B, Ruetzler K, Soliman LM, Maheshwari K, Yang D, Mascha EJ, Ali Sakr Esa W, Kessler H, Delaney CP, Sessler DI: Effect of intravenous acetaminophen on postoperative hypoxemia after abdominal surgery. JAMA 2020; 324: 350-8

10. Turan A, Duncan A, Leung S, Karimi N, Fang J, Mao G, Hargrave J, Gillinov M, Trombetta C, Ayad S, Hassan M, Feider A, Howard-Quijano K, Ruetzler K, Sessler DI, Bergese S, De Oliveira G, Honar H, Niazi A, Elliott K, Hamadnalla H, Chodavarapu P, Bajracharya G, Fitzgerald P, Cuko E, Akhtar Z, Lokhande C, Khan MZ, Khoshknabi D, Riter Q, Hutcherson M, Yagar S, Glosse L, Saha P, Raza S: Dexmedetomidine for reduction of atrial fibrillation and delirium after cardiac surgery (DECADE): a randomised placebo-controlled trial. Lancet 2020; 396: 177-85

11. Turan A, Cohen B, Adegboye J, Makarova N, Liu L, Mascha EJ, Qiu Y, Irefin S, Wakefield BJ, Ruetzler K, Sessler DI: Mild acute kidney injury after noncardiac surgery is associated with long-term renal dysfunction: A retrospective cohort study. Anesthesiology 2020; 132: 1053-61

12. Turan A, Artis AS, Hanline C, Saha P, Maheshwari K, Kurz A, Devereaux PJ, Duceppe E, Patel A, Tiboni M, Ruetzler K, Pearse R, Chan MTV, Wu WKK, Srinathan S, Garg AX, Sapsford R, Sessler DI: Preoperative vitamin D concentration and cardiac, renal, and infectious morbidity after noncardiac surgery. Anesthesiology 2020; 132: 121-30

13. Torres P D, Valenzuela JP: Lost in translation: Sesgos y la información en la pandemia de COVID-19. Revista Chilena de Anestesia 2020; 49: 401-7

14. Toda C, Abdelmalak BB: COVID-19 and anesthetic considerations for head and neck surgeries and bronchoscopic and dental procedures. J Head Neck Anesth 2020; 4: e28

15. Thomas S, Borges F, Bhandari M, De Beer J, Urrutia Cuchi G, Adili A, Winemaker M, Avram V, Chan MTV, Lamas C, Cruz P, Aguilera X, Garutti I, Alonso-Coello P, Villar JC, Jacka M, Wang CY, Berwanger O, Chow C, Srinathan S, Pettit S, Heels-Ansdell D, Rubery P, Devereaux PJ, Thomas S, Walsh M, Tiboni M, Guyatt G, Heels-Ansdell D, Thorlund K, Thabane L, Bhandari M, Bosch J, Chan MTV, Shatin NT, Alonso-Coello P, Berwanger O, Carlos Villar J, Wang CY, Garutti RI, Jacka MJ, Sigamani A, Srinathan S, Biccard BM, Rodseth RN, Chow CK, Abraham V, Pettit S, McQueen MJ, VanHelder T, Szczeklik W, Buse GL, Botto F, Yusuf S, Sessler DI, Kurz A, Garg AX, Mrkobrada M, Pearse RM, Polanczyk CA, Malaga G, Nagele P, Le Manach Y, Leuwer M, Devereaux PJ: Association between myocardial injury and cardiovascular outcomes of orthopaedic surgery: A vascular events in noncardiac surgery patients cohort evaluation (VISION) substudy. J Bone Joint Surg Am 2020; 102: 880-8

16. Thies KC, Truhlar A, Keene D, Hinkelbein J, Rutzler K, Brazzi L, Vivien B: Pre-hospital blood transfusion - an ESA survey of European practice. Scand J Trauma Resusc Emerg Med 2020; 28: 79

17. Symons TJ, Zeps N, Myles PS, Morris JM, Sessler DI: International policy frameworks for consent in minimal-risk pragmatic trials. Anesthesiology 2020; 132: 44-54

18. Sultana A, Wadhwa A, Berkow LC: Alternate airway strategies for the patient with morbid obesity. Int Anesthesiol Clin 2020; 58: 1-8

19. Sonny A, Kurz A, Skolaris LA, Boehm L, Reynolds A, Cummings KC, Makarova N, Yang D, Sessler DI: Deficit accumulation and phenotype assessments of frailty both poorly predict duration of hospitalization and serious complications after noncardiac surgery. Anesthesiology 2020; 132: 82-94

20. Smischney NJ, Shaw AD, Stapelfeldt WH, Boero IJ, Chen Q, Stevens M, Khanna AK: Postoperative hypotension in patients discharged to the intensive care unit after non-cardiac surgery is associated with adverse clinical outcomes. Crit Care 2020; 24: 682

21. Smischney NJ, Kashyap R, Khanna AK, Brauer E, Morrow LE, Seisa MO, Schroeder DR, Diedrich DA, Montgomery A, Franco PM, Ofoma UR, Kaufman DA, Sen A, Callahan C, Venkata C, Demiralp G, Tedja R, Lee S, Geube M, Kumar SI, Morris P, Bansal V, Surani S, Consortium SDHI: Risk factors for and prediction of post-intubation hypotension in critically ill adults: A multicenter prospective cohort study. PLoS One 2020; 15: e0233852

22. Smeltz AM, Kumar PA: Functional Tricuspid Regurgitation or Rare Congenital Condition? J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 2020; 34: 837-9

23. Smeltz AM, Bhatia M, Arora H, Long J, Kumar PA: Anesthesia for Resection and Reconstruction of the Trachea and Carina. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 2020; 34: 1902-13

24. Smeltz AM, Arora H, Kumar PA: Con: The New United Network for Organ Sharing Heart Allocation System Is Not a Positive Change in Listing Patients for Transplantation. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 2020; 34: 1968-71

25. Shanthanna H, Turan A, Vincent J, Saab R, Shargall Y, O'Hare T, Davis K, Fonguh S, Balasubramaniam K, Paul J, Gilron I, Kehlet H, Sessler DI, Bhandari M, Thabane L, Devereaux PJ: N-methyl-D-aspartate antagonists and steroids for the prevention of persisting post-surgical pain after thoracoscopic surgeries: A randomized controlled, factorial design, international, multicenter pilot trial. J Pain Res 2020; 13: 377-87

26. Sessler DI, Myles PS: Novel clinical trial designs to improve the efficiency of research. Anesthesiology 2020; 132: 69-81

27. Sessler DI, Conen D, Leslie K, Yusuf S, Popova E, Graham M, Kurz A, Villar JC, Mrkobrada M, Sigamani A, Biccard BM, Meyhoff CS, Parlow JL, Guyatt G, Xavier D, Chan MTV, Kumar PA, Forget P, Malaga G, Fleischmann E, Amir M, Torres D, Wang CY, Paniagua P, Berwanger O, Srinathan S, Landoni G, Manach YL, Whitlock R, Lamy A, Balasubramanian K, Gilron I, Turan A, Pettit S, Devereaux PJ, Perioperative Ischemic Evaluation-2 Trial I: One-year results of a factorial randomized trial of aspirin versus placebo and clonidine versus placebo in patients having noncardiac surgery. Anesthesiology 2020; 132: 692-701

28. Sessler DI: Implications of practice variability (editorial). Anesthesiology 2020; 132: 606-8

29. Sessler DI: Negative trials, and what to do with them? (editorial). Anesthesiology 2020; 132: 221-4

30. Saugel B, Sessler DI: Perioperative blood pressure management. Anesthesiology 2020; 134: 250-61

31. Saugel B, Kouz K, Sessler DI: Hydraulic coupling (editorial). Anesthesiology 2020; 133: 964-6

32. Saugel B, Kouz K, Scheeren TWL, Greiwe G, Hoppe P, Romagnoli S, de Backer D: Cardiac output estimation using pulse wave analysis-physiology, algorithms, and technologies: a narrative review. Br J Anaesth 2020

33. Saugel B, Kouz K, Meidert AS, Schulte-Uentrop L, Romagnoli S: How to measure blood pressure using an arterial catheter: a systematic 5-step approach. Crit Care 2020; 24: 172

34. Saugel B, Hoppe P, Nicklas JY, Kouz K, Korner A, Hempel JC, Vos JJ, Schon G, Scheeren TWL: Continuous noninvasive pulse wave analysis using finger cuff technologies for arterial blood pressure and cardiac output monitoring in perioperative and intensive care medicine: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Br J Anaesth 2020; 125: 25-37

35. Saugel B, Hoppe P, Khanna AK: Automated continuous noninvasive ward monitoring: Validation of measurement systems is the real challenge (editorial). Anesthesiology 2020

36. Saugel B, Heeschen J, Hapfelmeier A, Romagnoli S, Greiwe G: Cardiac output estimation using multi-beat analysis of the radial arterial blood pressure waveform: a method comparison study in patients having off-pump coronary artery bypass surgery using intermittent pulmonary artery thermodilution as the reference method. J Clin Monit Comput 2020; 34: 649-54

37. Salih AA, Turan OA, Bakal O, Volio A, Ayad S: Massive hemoperitoneum secondary to splenic laceration after extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy. Cureus 2020; 12: e11341

38. Ruetzler K, Szarpak L, Smereka J, Dabrowski M, Bialka S, Mosteller L, Szarpak A, Ludwin K, Wojewodzka-Zelezniakowicz M, Ladny JR: Comparison of direct and video laryngoscopes during different airway scenarios performed by experienced paramedics: A randomized cross-over manikin study. Biomed Res Int 2020; 2020: 5382739

39. Ruetzler K, Rivas E, Cohen B, Mosteller L, Martin A, Keebler A, Maheshwari K, Steckner K, Wang M, Praveen C, Khanna S, Makarova N, Sessler DI, Turan A: McGrath video laryngoscope versus Macintosh direct laryngoscopy for intubation of morbidly obese patients: a randomized trial. Anesth Analg 2020; 131: 586-93

40. Ruetzler K, Khanna AK, Sessler DI: Myocardial injury after noncardiac surgery: Preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative aspects, implications, and directions. Anesth Analg 2020; 131: 173-86

41. Ruetzler K, Cohen B, Leung S, Mascha EJ, Knotzer J, Kurz A, Sessler DI, Turan A: Supplemental intraoperative oxygen does not promote acute kidney injury or cardiovascular complications after noncardiac surgery: Subanalysis of an alternating intervention trial. Anesth Analg 2020; 130: 933-40

42. Royse AG, El-Ansary D, Hoang W, Lui E, McCusker M, Tivendale L, Yang Y, Canty DJ, Royse CF: A randomized trial comparing the effects of sternal band and plate fixation of the sternum with that of figure-of-8 wires on sternal edge motion and quality of recovery after cardiac surgery. Interact Cardiovasc Thorac Surg 2020; 30: 863-70

43. Royse AG, Boggett S, Abraham V, Royse CF: RARAY operation: operative description and early results for achieving total arterial coronary revascularisation. Heart Lung Circ 2020; 29: 1873-9

44. Royse A, Royse C, Boggett S, Clarke-Errey S, Pawanis Z: Why and how to achieve total arterial revascularisation in coronary surgery. Vessel Plus 2020; 4: 6

45. Rivas E, Turan A: Geriatric patients undergoing non-elective surgery for hip fracture: Can management be optimized? (editorial). J Clin Anesth 2020; 59: 112-3

46. Rivas E, Cohen B, Adegboye J, Salih A, Chelnick D, Qiu Y, Saab R, Ince I, Tanios M, Shimada T, Hanline C, Raza S, Hassan M, Hamadnalla H, Essber H, Yang D, Turan A: Ethnic differences in analgesic efficacy and safety of liposomal bupivacaine among asian and caucasian surgical patients: A retrospective matched-cohort analysis. Asian J Anesthesiol 2020; 58: 99-110

47. Reiterer C, Kabon B, Taschner A, Zotti O, Kurz A, Fleischmann E: A comparison of intraoperative goal-directed intravenous administration of crystalloid versus colloid solutions on the postoperative maximum N-terminal pro brain natriuretic peptide in patients undergoing moderate- to high-risk noncardiac surgery. BMC Anesthesiol 2020; 20: 192

48. Pengelly JMS, Royse AG, Bryant AL, Williams GP, Tivendale LJ, Dettmann TJ, Canty DJ, Royse CF, El-Ansary DA: Effects of Supervised Early Resistance Training versus standard care on cognitive recovery following cardiac surgery via median sternotomy (the SEcReT study): protocol for a randomised controlled pilot study. Trials 2020; 21: 649

49. Palm NM, Vallabhajosyula S, Chen A, Lam SW, Weister TJ, Kashani K, Naylor D, Khanna AK: Timing of resumption of beta-blockers after discontinuation of vasopressors is not associated with post-operative atrial fibrillation in critically ill patients recovering from non-cardiac surgery: A retrospective cohort analysis. J Crit Care 2020; 60: 177-82

50. Obradovic M, Kurz A, Kabon B, Roth G, Kimberger O, Zotti O, Bayoumi A, Reiterer C, Stift A, Fleischmann E: The effect of intraoperative goal-directed crystalloid versus colloid administration on perioperative inflammatory markers - a substudy of a randomized controlled trial. BMC Anesthesiol 2020; 20: 210

51. Obal D, Wadhwa A: The obesity paradox: does it exist in the perioperative period? Int Anesthesiol Clin 2020; 58: 14-20

52. Nicklas JY, Diener O, Leistenschneider M, Sellhorn C, Schon G, Winkler M, Daum G, Schwedhelm E, Schroder J, Fisch M, Schmalfeldt B, Izbicki JR, Bauer M, Coldewey SM, Reuter DA, Saugel B: Personalised haemodynamic management targeting baseline cardiac index in high-risk patients undergoing major abdominal surgery: a randomised single-centre clinical trial. Br J Anaesth 2020; 125: 122-32

53. Naylor AJ, Sessler DI, Maheshwari K, Khanna AK, Yang D, Mascha EJ, Suleiman I, Reville EM, Cote D, Hutcherson MT, Nguyen BM, Elsharkawy H, Kurz A: Arterial catheters for early detection and treatment of hypotension during major noncardiac surgery: A randomized trial. Anesth Analg 2020; 131: 1540-50

54. Nakayama Y, Takeshita J, Nakajima Y, Shime N: Ultrasound-guided peripheral vascular catheterization in pediatric patients: a narrative review. Crit Care 2020; 24: 592

55. Muller-Wirtz LM, Godsch C, Sessler DI, Volk T, Kreuer S, Huppe T: Residual volatile anesthetics after workstation preparation and activated charcoal filtration. Acta Anaesthesiol Scand 2020; 64: 759-65

56. Molnar Z, Benes J, Saugel B: Intraoperative hypotension is just the tip of the iceberg: a call for multimodal, individualised, contextualised management of intraoperative cardiovascular dynamics (editorial). Br J Anaesth 2020; 125: 419-23

57. Michard F, Scheeren TWL, Saugel B: A glimpse into the future of postoperative arterial blood pressure monitoring (editorial). Br J Anaesth 2020; 125: 113-5

58. Michard F, Saugel B, Vallet B: Rethinking the post-COVID-19 pandemic hospital: more ICU beds or smart monitoring on the wards? Intensive Care Med 2020; 46: 1792-3

59. Michard F, Khanna A: Continuous Monitoring Beyond the ICU. ICU Management & Practice 2020; 20: 297-9

60. Meijer FS, Niesters M, van Velzen M, Martini CH, Olofsen E, Edry R, Sessler DI, van Dorp ELA, Dahan A, Boon M: Does nociception monitor-guided anesthesia affect opioid consumption? A systematic review of randomized controlled trials. J Clin Monit Comput 2020; 34: 629-41

61. Matot I, De Hert S, Cohen B, Koch T: Women anaesthesiologists' attitudes and reported barriers to career advancement in anaesthesia: a survey of the European Society of Anaesthesiology. Br J Anaesth 2020; 124: e171-e7

62. Mascha EJ, Schober P, Schefold JC, Stueber F, Luedi MM: Staffing with disease-based epidemiologic indices may reduce shortage of intensive care unit staff during the covid-19 pandemic. Anesth Analg 2020; 131: 24-30

63. Marcucci M, Duceppe E, Le Manach Y, Kearon C, Eikelboom JW, Pohl K, Vincent J, Darvish-Kazem S, Srinathan SK, Neary JDD, Parlow JL, Kurz A, Gross PL, Mrkobrada M, Balasubramanian K, Sessler DI, Devereaux PJ: Tranexamic acid and rosuvastatin in patients at risk of cardiovascular events after noncardiac surgery: a pilot of the POISE-3 randomized controlled trial. Pilot Feasibility Stud 2020; 6: 104

64. Maheshwari K, Turan A, Makarova N, Ma C, Esa WAS, Ruetzler K, Barsoum S, Kuhel AG, Ritchey MR, Higuera-Rueda C, Kopyeva T, Stocchi L, Essber H, Cohen B, Suleiman I, Bajracharya GR, Chelnick D, Mascha EJ, Kurz A, Sessler DI: Saline versus lactated ringer's solution: The saline or lactated ringer's (SOLAR) trial. Anesthesiology 2020; 132: 614-24

65. Maheshwari K, Shimada T, Yang D, Khanna S, Cywinski JB, Irefin SA, Ayad S, Turan A, Ruetzler K, Qiu Y, Saha P, Mascha EJ, Sessler DI: Hypotension prediction index for prevention of hypotension during moderate- to high-risk noncardiac surgery. Anesthesiology 2020; 133: 1214-22

66. Maheshwari K, Sessler DI: Goal-directed Therapy: Why Benefit Remains Uncertain (editorial). Anesthesiology 2020; 133: 5-7

67. Maheshwari K, Ruetzler K, Saugel B: Perioperative intelligence: applications of artificial intelligence in perioperative medicine (editorial). J Clin Monit Comput 2020; 34: 625-8

68. Maheshwari K, Nathanson BH, Munson SH, Hwang S, Yapici HO, Stevens M, Ruiz C, Hunley CF: Abnormal shock index exposure and clinical outcomes among critically ill patients: A retrospective cohort analysis. J Crit Care 2020; 57: 5-12

69. Maheshwari K, Avitsian R, Sessler DI, Makarova N, Tanios M, Raza S, Traul D, Rajan S, Manlapaz M, Machado S, Krishnaney A, Machado A, Rosenquist R, Kurz A: Multimodal analgesic regimen for spine surgery: A randomized placebo-controlled trial. Anesthesiology 2020; 132: 992-1002

70. Maheshwari K, Ahuja S, Mascha EJ, Cummings KC, 3rd, Chahar P, Elsharkawy H, Kurz A, Turan A, Sessler DI: Effect of sevoflurane versus isoflurane on emergence time and postanesthesia care unit length of stay: An alternating intervention trial. Anesth Analg 2020; 130: 360-6

71. Maheshwari K, Ahuja S, Khanna AK, Mao G, Perez-Protto S, Farag E, Turan A, Kurz A, Sessler DI: Association between perioperative hypotension and delirium in postoperative critically ill patients: A retrospective cohort analysis. Anesth Analg 2020; 130: 636-43

72. Lorenz D, Maurer F, Philipp D, Albrecht F, Hüppe T, Sessler DI, Wolf B, Volk T, Kreuer S, Fink T: Changes in volatile organic compounds provoked by lipopolysaccharide- or alpha toxin-induced inflammation in ventilated rats. Journal of Breath Research 2020; 15: 016003

73. Liu KA, Liu CC, Alex G, Szmuk P, Mitchell RB: Anesthetic management of children undergoing drug-induced sleep endoscopy: A retrospective review. International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology 2020; 139

74. Lim G, Levine MD, Mascha EJ, Wasan AD: Labor pain, analgesia, and postpartum depression: Are we asking the right questions? Anesth Analg 2020; 130: 610-4

75. Labeau SO, Afonso E, Benbenishty J, Blackwood B, Boulanger C, Brett SJ, Calvino-Gunther S, Chaboyer W, Coyer F, Deschepper M, Francois G, Honore PM, Jankovic R, Khanna AK, Llaurado-Serra M, Lin F, Rose L, Rubulotta F, Saager L, Williams G, Blot SI, Decub IST, European Society of Intensive Care Medicine Trials Group C: Prevalence, associated factors and outcomes of pressure injuries in adult intensive care unit patients: the DecubICUs study. Intensive Care Med 2020

76. Kulas P, Seidel M, Bozzato A, Schick B, Sessler DI, Kreuer S, Huppe T: Volatile organic compounds in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma-An in vitro pilot study. Biomed Chromatogr 2020; 34: e4811

77. Kim RK, Gao Z, Hastie T, Obal D: Perioperative analgesic administration during the 2018 parenteral opioid shortage in the United States - A retrospective analysis (research letter). J Clin Anesth 2020; 66: 109892

78. Kharasch ED, Avram MJ, Clark JD, Davidson AJ, Houle TT, Levy JH, London MJ, Sessler DI, Vutskits L: Peer review matters: Research quality and the public trust (ediotorial). Anesthesiology 2020; 134: 1-6

79. Khanna S, Trombetta C: Con: Impella mechanical circulatory support is preferable to extracorporeal membrane oxygenation in patients with cardiogenic shock. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 2020; 34: 283-8

80. Khanna S, Sreedharan R, Trombetta C, Ruetzler K: Sick Sinus Syndrome: Sinus Node Dysfunction in the Elderly. Anesthesiology 2020; 132: 377-8

81. Khanna S, Bustamante S: Acquired angioedema. Colombian Journal of Anesthesiology 2020; 48: 38-9

82. Khanna S, Bustamante S: Cardiac conduction defects and complete heart block in myotonic dystrophy. Colombian Journal of Anesthesiology 2020; 48: 162-3

83. Khanna AK, Bergese SD, Jungquist CR, Morimatsu H, Uezono S, Lee S, Ti LK, Urman RD, McIntyre R, Tornero C, Dahan A, Saager L, Weingarten TN, Wittmann M, Auckley D, Brazzi L, Le Guen M, Soto R, Schramm F, Ayad S, Kaw R, Di Stefano P, Sessler DI, Uribe A, Moll V, Dempsey SJ, Buhre W, Overdyk FJ: Prediction of opioid-induced respiratory depression on inpatient wards using continuous capnography and oximetry: An international prospective, observational trial. Anesth Analg 2020; 131: 1012-24

84. Kaw R, Doufas AG: Is regular oxygen supplementation safe for obese postoperative patients? (editorial). Cleveland Clinic Journal of Medicine 2020; 87: 723-7

85. Kaufmann T, Cox EGM, Wiersema R, Hiemstra B, Eck RJ, Koster G, Scheeren TWL, Keus F, Saugel B, van der Horst ICC, Group SS: Non-invasive oscillometric versus invasive arterial blood pressure measurements in critically ill patients: A post hoc analysis of a prospective observational study. J Crit Care 2020; 57: 118-23

86. Katijjahbe MA, Denehy L, Granger CL, Royse A, Royse C, Logie S, Sturgess T, Md Ali NA, McManus M, Sandy CE, El-Ansary D: Psychometric evaluation of the shortened version of the Functional Difficulties Questionnaire to assess thoracic physical function. Clin Rehabil 2020; 34: 132-40

87. Karamchandani K, Khanna AK, Bose S, Fernando RJ, Walkey AJ: Atrial fibrillation: Current evidence and management strategies during the perioperative period. Anesth Analg 2020; 130: 2-13

88. Joosten A, Vincent JL, Saugel B: Continuous non-invasive haemodynamic monitoring in patients having surgery: Valuable tool or superfluous toy? (editorial). Anaesth Crit Care Pain Med 2020; 39: 417-8

89. Joosten A, Rinehart J, Bardaji A, Van der Linden P, Jame V, Van Obbergh L, Alexander B, Cannesson M, Vacas S, Liu N, Slama H, Barvais L: Anesthetic management using multiple closed-loop systems and delayed neurocognitive recovery: A randomized controlled trial. Anesthesiology 2020; 132: 253-66

90. Jia Y, Leung SM, Turan A, Artis AS, Marciniak D, Mick S, Devarajan J, Duncan AE: Low tidal volumes are associated with slightly improved oxygenation in patients having cardiac surgery: A cohort analysis. Anesth Analg 2020; 130: 1396-406

91. Ilfeld BM, Gelfand H, Dhanjal S, Hackworth R, Plunkett A, Turan A, Vijjeswarapu AM, Cohen SP, Eisenach JC, Griffith S, Hanling S, Mascha EJ, Sessler DI: Ultrasound-guided percutaneous peripheral nerve stimulation: A pragmatic effectiveness trial of a nonpharmacologic alternative for the treatment of postoperative pain. Pain Med 2020; 21: S53-S61

92. Ilfeld BM, Finneran JJ: Cryoneurolysis and percutaneous peripheral nerve stimulation to treat acute pain. Anesthesiology 2020; 133: 1127-49

93. Ilfeld BM, Eisenach JC, Gabriel RA: Clinical effectiveness of liposomal bupivacaine administered by infiltration or peripheral nerve block to treat postoperative pain. Anesthesiology 2020; 134: 283-344

94. Hussain A, Via G, Melniker L, Goffi A, Tavazzi G, Neri L, Villen T, Hoppmann R, Mojoli F, Noble V, Zieleskiewicz L, Blanco P, Ma IWY, Wahab MA, Alsaawi A, Al Salamah M, Balik M, Barca D, Bendjelid K, Bouhemad B, Bravo-Figueroa P, Breitkreutz R, Calderon J, Connolly J, Copetti R, Corradi F, Dean AJ, Denault A, Govil D, Graci C, Ha YR, Hurtado L, Kameda T, Lanspa M, Laursen CB, Lee F, Liu R, Meineri M, Montorfano M, Nazerian P, Nelson BP, Neskovic AN, Nogue R, Osman A, Pazeli J, Pereira-Junior E, Petrovic T, Pivetta E, Poelaert J, Price S, Prosen G, Rodriguez S, Rola P, Royse C, Chen YT, Wells M, Wong A, Xiaoting W, Zhen W, Arabi Y: Multi-organ point-of-care ultrasound for COVID-19 (PoCUS4COVID): international expert consensus. Crit Care 2020; 24: 702

95. Huppe T, Maurer F, Sessler DI, Volk T, Kreuer S: Retrospective comparison of Eleveld, Marsh, and Schnider propofol pharmacokinetic models in 50 patients (research letter). Br J Anaesth 2020; 124: e22-e4

96. Huang WW, Zhu WZ, Mu DL, Ji XQ, Li XY, Ma D, Wang DX: Intraoperative hypotension is associated with shortened overall survival after lung cancer surgery. BMC Anesthesiol 2020; 20: 160

97. Hu X, Li X, Boggett S, Yang Y, Chun-Ting W, Anstey J, Royse A, Royse C: Routine intraoperative inhaled milrinone and iloprost reduces inotrope use in patients undergoing cardiac surgery: A retrospective cohort pilot study. Anesth Analg 2020; 131: 527-36

98. Heyland DK, Marquis F, Lamontagne F, Albert M, Turgeon AF, Khwaja KA, Garland A, Hall R, Chapman MG, Kutsiogannis DJ, Martin C, Sessler DI, Day AG: Promotion of regular oesophageal motility to prevent regurgitation and enhance nutrition intake in long-stay icu patients. A multicenter, phase ii, sham-controlled, randomized trial: The PROPEL study. Crit Care Med 2020; 48: e219-e26

99. Gurunathan U, Rahman T, Williams Z, Vandeleur A, Sriram S, Harch J, Boggett S, Hill C, Bowyer A, Royse C: Effect of midazolam in addition to propofol and opiate sedation on the quality of recovery after colonoscopy: A randomized clinical trial. Anesth Analg 2020; 131: 741-50

100. Grothe O, Kaplan A, Kouz K, Saugel B: Computer program for error grid analysis in arterial blood pressure method comparison studies. Anesth Analg 2020; 130: e71-e4

101. Greiwe G, Peters V, Hapfelmeier A, Romagnoli S, Kubik M, Saugel B: Cardiac output estimation by multi-beat analysis of the radial arterial blood pressure waveform versus intermittent pulmonary artery thermodilution: a method comparison study in patients treated in the intensive care unit after off-pump coronary artery bypass surgery. J Clin Monit Comput 2020; 34: 643-8

102. Greiwe G, Luehsen K, Hapfelmeier A, Rogge D, Kubik M, Schulte-Uentrop L, Saugel B: Cardiac output estimation by pulse wave analysis using the pressure recording analytical method and intermittent pulmonary artery thermodilution: A method comparison study after off-pump coronary artery bypass surgery. Eur J Anaesthesiol 2020; 37: 920-5

103. Gan TJ, Belani KG, Bergese S, Chung F, Diemunsch P, Habib AS, Jin Z, Kovac AL, Meyer TA, Urman RD, Apfel CC, Ayad S, Beagley L, Candiotti K, Englesakis M, Hedrick TL, Kranke P, Lee S, Lipman D, Minkowitz HS, Morton J, Philip BK: Fourth consensus guidelines for the management of postoperative nausea and vomiting. Anesth Analg 2020; 131: 411-48

104. Gama de Abreu M, Schultz MJ, Serpa Neto A, Pelosi P: Open-lung ventilation strategy during general anesthesia (editorial). Anesthesiology 2020; 133: 982-4

105. Galos EV, Tat TF, Popa R, Efrimescu CI, Finnerty D, Buggy DJ, Ionescu DC, Mihu CM: Neutrophil extracellular trapping and angiogenesis biomarkers after intravenous or inhalation anaesthesia with or without intravenous lidocaine for breast cancer surgery: a prospective, randomised trial. Br J Anaesth 2020; 125: 712-21

106. Gabriel RA, Finneran JJ, Swisher MW, Said ET, Sztain JF, Khatibi B, Wallace AM, Hosseini A, Trescot AM, Ilfeld BM: Ultrasound-guided percutaneous intercostal cryoanalgesia for multiple weeks of analgesia following mastectomy: a case series. Korean J Anesthesiol 2020; 73: 163-8

107. Font MD, Thyagarajan B, Khanna AK: Sepsis and Septic Shock – Basics of diagnosis, pathophysiology and clinical decision making. Medical Clinics of North America 2020; 104: 573-85

108. Finnerty DT, McMahon A, McNamara JR, Hartigan SD, Griffin M, Buggy DJ: Comparing erector spinae plane block with serratus anterior plane block for minimally invasive thoracic surgery: a randomised clinical trial. Br J Anaesth 2020; 125: 802-10

109. Finnerty DT, Buggy DJ: Return to intended oncologic therapy: a potentially valuable endpoint for perioperative research in cancer patients? (editorial). Br J Anaesth 2020; 124: 508-10

110. Finneran JJt, Swisher MW, Gabriel RA, Said ET, Abanobi MU, Abramson WB, Dalstrom DJ, Schwartz AK, Kent WT, Yang D, Mascha EJ, Ilfeld BM: Suture-method versus through-the-needle catheters for continuous popliteal-sciatic nerve blocks: A randomized clinical trial. Anesthesiology 2020; 132: 854-66

111. Finneran JJ, Furnish T, Curran BP, Ilfeld BM: Percutaneous peripheral nerve stimulation of the brachial plexus for intractable phantom pain of the upper extremity: A case report. A A Pract 2020; 14: e01353

112. Farag E, Liang C, Mascha EJ, Argalious MY, Ezell J, Maheshwari K, Esa WAS, Troianos CA, Sessler DI: Association between use of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors or angiotensin receptor blockers and postoperative delirium. Anesthesiology 2020; 133: 119-32

113. Elsharkawy H, Saasouh W, Cho Y, Soliman L, Horn J-L: The use of extended release bupivacaine with transversus abdominis plane and subcostal anterior quadratus lumborum catheters: A retrospective analysis of a novel technique. J Anaesthesiol Clin Pharmacol 2020; 36

114. Elsharkawy H, Ince I, Hamadnalla H, Drake RL, Tsui BCH: Cervical erector spinae plane block: a cadaver study. Reg Anesth Pain Med 2020; 45: 552-6

115. Efune PN, Saynhalath R, Blackwell JM, Steiner JW, Olomu PN, Szmuk P: The Truview PCD video laryngoscope for nasotracheal intubation in pediatric patients: A subset analysis from a prospective randomized controlled trial. Paediatr Anaesth 2020; 30: 1157-8

116. Efune PN, Longanecker JM, Alex G, Saynhalath R, Khan U, Rivera K, Jerome AP, Boone W, Szmuk P: Use of dexmedetomidine and opioids as the primary anesthetic in infants and young children: A retrospective cohort study. Paediatr Anaesth 2020; 30: 1013-9

117. Dutton J, Wadhwa A, Morton JM: ERAS protocols in bariatric surgery: a systematic review. Int Anesthesiol Clin 2020; 58: 29-33

118. Duncan AE, Jia Y, Soltesz E, Leung S, Yilmaz HO, Mao G, Timur AA, Kottke-Marchant K, Rogers HJ, Ma C, Ince I, Karimi N, Yagar S, Trombetta C, Sessler DI: Effect of 6% hydroxyethyl starch 130/0.4 on kidney and haemostatic function in cardiac surgical patients: a randomised controlled trial. Anaesthesia 2020; 75: 1180-90

119. Duceppe E, Patel A, Chan MTV, Berwanger O, Ackland G, Kavsak PA, Rodseth R, Biccard B, Chow CK, Borges FK, Guyatt G, Pearse R, Sessler DI, Heels-Ansdell D, Kurz A, Wang CY, Szczeklik W, Srinathan S, Garg AX, Pettit S, Sloan EN, Januzzi JL, Jr., McQueen M, Buse GL, Mills NL, Zhang L, Sapsford R, Pare G, Walsh M, Whitlock R, Lamy A, Hill S, Thabane L, Yusuf S, Devereaux PJ: Preoperative N-terminal Pro-B-type natriuretic peptide and cardiovascular events after noncardiac surgery: A cohort study. Ann Intern Med 2020; 172: 96-104

120. Diwan SM, Yamak Altinpulluk E, Khurjekar K, Nair A, Dongre H, Turan A: Bilateral erector spinae plane block for scoliosis surgery: Case series. Rev Esp Anestesiol Reanim 2020; 67: 153-8

121. De Backer D, Teboul JL, Saugel B: Septic shock patients with adequate tissue perfusion parameters still need the recommended minimal Mean Arterial Pressure: For sure (editorial). J Crit Care 2020; 56: 305-7

122. Cutler NS, Khanna AK: Catecholamine-sparing effect of angiotensin ii in an anephric patient with mixed shock after cardiac revascularization surgery: A case report. A A Pract 2020; 14: e01266

123. Cohen B, Tanios MA, Koyuncu O, Yilmaz HO, Raza S, Mukhdomi J, Artis AS, Seif J, Chhabada S, Turan A: Association between higher BMI and postoperative pain and opioid consumption in pediatric inpatients - A retrospective cohort study. J Clin Anesth 2020; 62: 109729

124. Cohen B, Baar Y, Fein S, Matot I: Anesthesia departments' readiness for the COVID-19 pandemic; a nationwide cross-sectional study in Israel. BMC Anesthesiol 2020; 20: 262

125. Cid X, Wang A, Heiberg J, Canty D, Royse C, Li X, El‐Ansary D, Yang Y, Haji K, Haji D, Denault A, Tivendale L, Brooks K, Hu X, Royse A: Point‐of‐care lung ultrasound in the assessment of patients with COVID‐19: A tutorial. Australasian Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine 2020; 23: 271-81

126. Cid X, Canty D, Royse A, Maier AB, Johnson D, El-Ansary D, Clarke-Errey S, Fazio T, Royse C: Impact of point-of-care ultrasound on the hospital length of stay for internal medicine inpatients with cardiopulmonary diagnosis at admission: study protocol of a randomized controlled trial-the IMFCU-1 (Internal Medicine Focused Clinical Ultrasound) study. Trials 2020; 21: 53

127. Chaix I, Manquat E, Liu N, Casadio MC, Ludes PO, Tantot A, Lopes JP, Touchard C, Mateo J, Mebazaa A, Gayat E, Vallee F: Impact of hypotension on cerebral perfusion during general anesthesia induction: A prospective observational study in adults. Acta Anaesthesiol Scand 2020; 64: 592-601

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Book Chapters

1. Végh T. (2020) Anesthesia for Esophageal Surgery. In: Granell Gil M., Şentürk M. (eds). Anesthesia in Thoracic Surgery. Springer, Cham.

2. Marczin, Nandor;Licker, Marc; Szegedi, Laszlo L.; Piccioni, Federico; Granell, Manuell; Vegh,Tamas; Karzai, Waheed; Unzueta, Carmen; Senturk, Mert; Bence, Johan al. (2020) General Aspects of Thoracic Anesthesia. In: Nistor C.E., Tsui S., Kırali K., Ciuche A.,Aresu G., Kocher G.J. (eds) Thoracic Surgery. Springer, Cham